IMF: Despite Gains, Pakistan's Economic Landscape Continues to Pose Challenges

By IndraStra Global News Team

Cover Image Attribute: A file photo of a young girl transporting water obtained from a hand pump in a flooded village located in the Sindh Province of Pakistan. / Source: UN News
Cover Image Attribute: A file photo of a young girl transporting water obtained from a hand pump in a flooded village located in the Sindh Province of Pakistan. / Source: UN News

In spite of fortifying its fiscal standing during the initial quarter of FY24, Pakistan's economic landscape remains intricate and demanding, as highlighted by the recent report from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The nation, grappling with the aftermath of the catastrophic floods in 2022, witnessed a sharp decline in foreign exchange reserves and a significant depreciation of its currency. To counteract these challenges, Pakistan implemented stringent measures in 2023, resulting in an unprecedented surge in inflation.

Recognizing the urgent need for economic support, the IMF approved a crucial 9-month Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) in July 2023, providing $3 billion to bolster Pakistan's economic stabilization program. This critical agreement averted the imminent threat of a sovereign default. Subsequently, on January 11, the IMF completed its inaugural review of Pakistan's program, facilitating the disbursement of $700 million. Recent financial injections, including funds from the IMF and a $2 billion rollover from the UAE, have enabled Pakistan to enhance its foreign exchange reserves and stabilize its exchange rate.

The IMF's latest country report, published on Friday (January 19), acknowledged the improvement in Pakistan's fiscal performance, noting that the general government achieved a primary surplus in FY24Q1. Despite these positive developments, the report emphasizes the persisting challenges and exceptionally high downside risks.

While the macroeconomic conditions have generally improved, inflation continues to be a concern. The IMF suggests that with appropriately stringent policies, inflation could potentially decrease to 18.5 percent by the end of June 2024. The report also highlights the growth in gross reserves to $8.2 billion in December 2023, compared to $4.5 billion in June, and notes the stability of the exchange rate.

Looking ahead, the IMF projects that Pakistan's current account deficit will rise to approximately 1.5 percent of its gross domestic product in FY24, coinciding with the country's economic recovery. The report remains cautiously optimistic, asserting that with sustained, sound macroeconomic policies and the implementation of structural reforms, inflation should align with the State Bank of Pakistan's target, and growth is expected to strengthen over the medium term.

The timing of this report is crucial, given that Pakistan is on the brink of national polls. It underscores the nation's ongoing efforts to stabilize its economic foundations and strengthen collaborative ties with international financial institutions and allies during this pivotal period.


The provided IMF datasheet outlines selected economic indicators for Pakistan spanning fiscal years 2022 to 2024, providing insights into population, per capita GDP, poverty rate, main exports, key export markets, and various economic parameters such as output and prices, employment, monetary and credit indicators, and balance of payments statistics. 

Population and Per Capita GDP
- Population (2022/23): 231.6 million.
- Per capita GDP (FY2023): US$1,456.6.

Quota and Poverty Rate
- Quota: SDR 2,031 million.
- Poverty Rate: 21.9 percent.

Main Exports and Key Export Markets
- Main Exports (FY2022): Textiles (US$19.3 billion).
- Key Export Markets: European Union, United States, UAE.

Output and Prices (% Change)

- Real GDP at Factor Cost:
  - FY2022: 6.2%
  - FY2023: -0.2%
  - FY2024 (Est. Proj.): 2.0%

- Unemployment Rate: 
  - FY2022: 6.2%
  - FY2023: 8.5%
  - FY2024: 8.0%

- Consumer Prices:
  - Period Average:
    - FY2022: 12.1%
    - FY2023: 29.2%
    - FY2024: 24.0%
  - End of Period:
    - FY2022: 21.3%
    - FY2023: 29.4%
    - FY2024: 18.5%

General Government Finances (% GDP)

- Revenue and Grants:
  - FY2022: 12.1%
  - FY2023: 11.4%
  - FY2024: 12.5%

- Expenditure:
  - FY2022: 20.0%
  - FY2023: 19.2%
  - FY2024: 20.2%

- Budget Balance (Including/Excluding Grants):

  - FY2022: -7.8% / -7.9%
  - FY2023: -7.7% / -7.8%
  - FY2024: -7.6% / -7.7%

- Primary Balance (Excluding Grants):
  - FY2022: -3.1%
  - FY2023: -0.8%
  - FY2024: 0.4%

- Total General Government Debt (incl. IMF obligations):
  - FY2022: 76.2%
  - FY2023: 77.1%
  - FY2024: 72.8%

Monetary and Credit (% Change)

- Broad Money:
  - FY2022: 13.6%
  - FY2023: 14.2%
  - FY2024: 11.0%

- Private Credit:
  - FY2022: 17.4%
  - FY2023: 2.3%
  - FY2024: 5.0%

- Six-month Treasury Bill Rate (%):
  - FY2022: 11.0%
  - FY2023: 18.3%
  - FY2024: ...

Balance of Payments (% GDP)

- Current Account Balance:
  - FY2022: -4.7%
  - FY2023: -0.7%
  - FY2024: -1.6%

- Foreign Direct Investment:
  - FY2022: 0.5%
  - FY2023: 0.5%
  - FY2024: 0.3%

- Gross Reserves (millions of U.S. dollars):
  - FY2022: 9,821
  - FY2023: 4,455
  - FY2024: 9,101

- Months of Next Year's Imports of Goods and Services:
  - FY2022: 2.0
  - FY2023: 0.8
  - FY2024: 1.5

- Total External Debt:
  - FY2022: 32.2%
  - FY2023: 34.4%
  - FY2024: 34.9%

Exchange Rate (% Change)

- Real Effective Exchange Rate:
  - FY2022: -5.9%
  - FY2023: -8.0%
  - FY2024: ...

 Additional Notes
- The fiscal year ends on June 30.
- The table provides estimates and projections for FY2024.

Analysis by IndraStra Global
  • Output and Prices: The real GDP contraction in FY2023 is a concerning trend, but the projected recovery in FY2024 is positive.
  • Government Finances: Budget deficits are persistent, and debt levels have decreased slightly, which is a positive sign.
  • Monetary and Credit: Broad money has been increasing, and private credit has shown volatility.
  • Balance of Payments: The current account deficit has improved, and gross reserves have increased, enhancing the country's external position.
  • Exchange Rate: The real effective exchange rate has seen depreciation, indicating potential challenges in external competitiveness.
This comprehensive analysis suggests a mixed economic performance for Pakistan, with challenges in unemployment, inflation, and fiscal deficits. The country's recovery in FY2024 hinges on effective policy measures and structural reforms.

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IndraStra Global: IMF: Despite Gains, Pakistan's Economic Landscape Continues to Pose Challenges
IMF: Despite Gains, Pakistan's Economic Landscape Continues to Pose Challenges
By IndraStra Global News Team
https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEhe5vGp2zUKv4p_nhyphenhyphenSECMHaiFRaR-3nl_caF2Hp2yLXFHGcGtLPgN40iYPZdifjLsTa2NTQ2LCZCCklScjP2rvBjuulNqISxWmZ1itaSvvXLXHgNcXrWSdtjYrRaarQt3DMDCWArhOy6oyYQlNCXZtTIp6kqQa43BuQNnTLBHORYtFCLUfitcukNmS7DU/w640-h360/pakistan-poverty-economy.jpeg
https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/b/R29vZ2xl/AVvXsEhe5vGp2zUKv4p_nhyphenhyphenSECMHaiFRaR-3nl_caF2Hp2yLXFHGcGtLPgN40iYPZdifjLsTa2NTQ2LCZCCklScjP2rvBjuulNqISxWmZ1itaSvvXLXHgNcXrWSdtjYrRaarQt3DMDCWArhOy6oyYQlNCXZtTIp6kqQa43BuQNnTLBHORYtFCLUfitcukNmS7DU/s72-w640-c-h360/pakistan-poverty-economy.jpeg
IndraStra Global
https://www.indrastra.com/2024/01/imf-despite-gains-pakistans-economic.html
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https://www.indrastra.com/2024/01/imf-despite-gains-pakistans-economic.html
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