American Public Companies Prepare for Increasing Demand for High Quality ESG Disclosures

By Kerry Lee, Deloitte

American Public Companies Prepare for Increasing Demand for High Quality ESG Disclosures

By Kerry Lee, Deloitte

new Deloitte survey of 300 senior finance, legal, and sustainability leaders shows companies are working toward more reliable — and timely — data, with investments in technology, controls design and implementation resources, and a robust, integrated strategy to meet the growing expectation for high-quality ESG reporting information.


Why this matters


The business landscape today has been transformed by environmental and social concerns. As understanding grows about the risk and value creation opportunities that ESG presents, the demand for ESG disclosure has accelerated. The companies that hold themselves accountable to their stakeholders by increasing transparency will be more viable — and valuable — in the long term.


While companies are setting ambitious climate and ESG goals, leaders remain cautious about their ability to deliver on rising disclosure requirements in a consistent and timely way. Companies are actively working toward enhancing governance over ESG disclosure, including oversight, controls, and processes, to meet the growing need for transparency and high-quality ESG information.


Current ESG maturity and disclosure preparedness


Similar to financial reporting, effective ESG disclosure requires intentional planning, prioritization, and established governance. Since ESG information can come from many parts of the organization — from operations to human resources to legal — creating a cross-functional council or working group to drive strategic action and attention to topics important to stakeholders is a leading practice. Underscoring that companies are in varying stages of their ESG preparedness journey, only 21% of companies surveyed currently have an ESG council or working group to drive strategic action in ESG performance areas; however, more than half (57% of survey respondents) are actively working to establish one.


ESG assurance represents an important tool to drive ESG governance, risk and reporting maturity, and overall preparedness, and companies are currently obtaining assurance on the subject matter across different ESG performance categories. Diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) (53%) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (49%) are among the most common subject matter respondents cite.


Efforts to establish ESG disclosure standards have contributed to the quality, transparency, relevance, and comparability of ESG disclosures. However, in some cases, they have not resulted in the level of consistency in reporting across companies that many stakeholders would like to see.


Companies are currently providing ESG disclosures in accordance with multiple standards and frameworks. On average, companies report using two standards or frameworks, with the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) (43%), the Task Force for Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) (40%), and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) (35%) among those most frequently cited. More than one-third are using three or more reporting standards or frameworks.


ESG reporting challenges


The U.S. regulatory agenda includes rulemaking priorities in four key ESG-related areas. In considering potentially enhanced ESG disclosures, respondents are most confident about their company's ability to address human capital management (30%), climate change (24%), board diversity (24%), and cyber risk governance (22%), respectively.


Preparedness for GHG emissions disclosure varies dramatically. While 58% of respondents note they are currently prepared to disclose Scope 1 GHG emissions and 47% are prepared to disclose Scope 2 emissions, only 31% are prepared to disclose Scope 3 emissions. In general, Scope 3 emissions present a challenge to nearly all companies, with end-of-life treatment of sold products (45%) representing the top emissions category that companies struggle to measure, followed by fuel- and energy-related activities not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2 (40%).


Senior executives know the importance of ESG data management practices across the enterprise — from availability to aggregation and review of this company-wide data. The technology needed to enable complete and accurate ESG disclosures is a key item on the minds of nine in ten senior executives.


ESG planning and action


As U.S. companies look to meet increasing stakeholder expectations, more work will be needed to address and integrate new policies, procedures, and controls.


Senior executives are taking action to ensure they are presenting reliable data, both by enhancing the control environment for ESG data and by obtaining assurance on the data reported. In fact, 89% noted a likelihood that their organization will enhance their ESG control environment. In addition, 3 in 4 executives plan to obtain assurance over ESG disclosures in the next reporting cyclevalidating the importance of applying independence and objectivity to enhancing the reliability of this information. And of course, it is important that there is consistency between key assumptions used in financial reporting and related disclosures and the assumptions used in any ESG commitments and disclosures, which will require close coordination with the finance, tax, internal audit, forecasting, and budgeting teams.


Finally, executives acknowledged staffing will need to be addressed to meet the expectations of their stakeholders: 8 in 10 senior executives are not completely confident that their current staffing levels are sufficient. These concerns are higher among non-C-suite executives (91% to 77%).


Methodology


Deloitte commissioned an online survey in the fourth quarter of 2021 of 300 finance, accounting, sustainability and legal executives. "Executives" are defined as senior finance and accounting executives with minimum seniority of a director or chief risk officers, general counsels, chief legal officers, and chief sustainability officers. Respondents reflect a cross-industry representation of U.S. public companies with revenues greater than $500 million (75% of respondents represented companies with revenues exceeding $1 billion)


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IndraStra Global: American Public Companies Prepare for Increasing Demand for High Quality ESG Disclosures
American Public Companies Prepare for Increasing Demand for High Quality ESG Disclosures
By Kerry Lee, Deloitte
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