Negotiations between India and France for Indian Navy Rafales Set to Commence this Week

By IndraStra Global News Team

Cover Image Attribute: The file photo of three Rafale M aircraft on the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle. / Source: Marine national (French Navy)
Cover Image Attribute: The file photo of three Rafale M aircraft on the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle. / Source: Marine national (French Navy)
 
India will start commercial negotiations with France this week to purchase 26 Rafale Marine aircraft for its first indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, officials familiar with the situation said on Tuesday.

The deal for the twin-engine, deck-based fighters, designed for sustained sea combat operations, is estimated to be worth around ₹50,000 crore (approx. $US 6 billion). Officials said on condition of anonymity that talks are expected to begin on May 30 following the arrival of a French delegation.

In July 2023, India’s Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), led by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, approved the Indian Navy’s proposal to acquire 26 Rafale M fighters to enhance its operational capabilities. France responded to the tender in December.

The Rafale purchase will include weapons, simulators, spares, ancillary equipment, crew training, and logistics support from the French government. The price and other purchase terms will be negotiated with the French government, considering all relevant factors, including the procurement costs of similar aircraft by other countries.

"Integration of Indian designed equipment and establishment of maintenance, repair and operations (MRO) hubs for various systems will be incorporated into the contract documents after due negotiations,” the defense ministry previously stated.

The Rafale M is being imported as a temporary solution to fulfill the navy’s needs until India can develop its own twin-engine deck-based fighter (TEDBF). The first TEDBF prototype is expected to make its maiden flight by 2026, with production slated to begin by 2031.

The French aircraft is robust and has numerous design elements that enhance its survivability during demanding aircraft carrier operations, which subject deck-based assets to a highly corrosive environment.

The Rafale M outperformed the American F/A-18 Super Hornet in a direct competition to equip the Indian Navy with new deck-based fighters. This aircraft is specifically designed to operate from 40,000-ton class aircraft carriers and is currently deployed on the French Navy’s Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier.

Also, it boasts an exceptionally strong airframe and undercarriage tailored for aircraft carrier operations. Its components are constructed from advanced composite materials and corrosion-resistant alloys, providing maximum protection against rust. As previously reported, the aircraft maintains high performance in severe tropical environments.

The fighter jets on board INS Vikrant, which was built at a cost of ₹20,000 crore at Cochin Shipyard, use a ski-jump for takeoff and are recovered by arrestor wires, a method known as STOBAR (short takeoff but arrested recovery), which places significant stress on the aircraft.

Currently, the Indian Air Force (IAF) operates 36 Rafale jets purchased from France for ₹59,000 crore. The naval variant of the Rafale will be similar to the IAF’s fighters, providing benefits in training, maintenance, and logistics support.

Additionally, India plans to construct three more Scorpene-class submarines domestically using French technology to enhance the navy’s undersea capabilities. This comes as a critical Make in India project for advanced submarines progresses slowly, and the country faces challenges in meeting modernization goals established 25 years ago.

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IndraStra Global: Negotiations between India and France for Indian Navy Rafales Set to Commence this Week
Negotiations between India and France for Indian Navy Rafales Set to Commence this Week
By IndraStra Global News Team
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