US Stock Markets Tumbles After the Release of August CPI Data

Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased by 8.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.

Cover Image Attribute: The File Photo of Wall Street, New York / Source: MarshalN20, Wikimedia Commons
Cover Image Attribute: The File Photo of Wall Street, New York / Source: MarshalN20, Wikimedia Commons

Biggest Loss in Two Years


Wall Street was caught off guard when the monthly retail inflation data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for the United States came in higher than expected, leading to a significant market sell-off. It ended any optimism that the Federal Reserve would let up on its tightening policy in the coming months.

After remaining steady in July, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the US saw a rise of 0.1 percent in August when measured on a seasonally adjusted basis. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased by 8.3 percent before seasonal adjustment. This led all three of the major U.S. market indexes to take a stunning turn for the worse — Dow Jones 3.94%↓, S&P 4.32%↓, Nasdaq 5.16%↓, bringing to an end their respective four-day winning streaks and recording their most significant one-day percentage drops since June 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic was in its early stages.
 
Increases in the shelter, food, and medical care indexes were the most significant contributors to the broad-based monthly all items increase. These increases were offset mainly by a 10.6-percent decline in the gasoline index. The food index continued to rise, increasing 0.8 percent over the month as the food at home index rose 0.7 percent. The energy index fell 5.0 percent over the month as the gasoline index declined, but the electricity and natural gas indexes increased.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in August, a more significant increase than in July. In addition, the indexes for shelter, medical care, household furnishings and operations, new vehicles, motor vehicle insurance, and education were among those that increased over the month. On the other hand, some indexes declined in August, including airline fares, communication, and used cars and trucks. 

The all items index increased 8.3 percent for the 12 months ending August, a more petite figure than the 8.5-percent increase for the period ending July. The all items less food and energy index rose 6.3 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index increased 23.8 percent for the 12 months ending August, a minor increase from the 32.9-percent growth for July. The food index rose 11.4 percent over the last year, the most significant 12-month increase since the period ending May 1979.

NOTE: 

Over the past 12 months, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) rose 8.7 percent to 291.629 (1982-84=100). However, the index fell 0.2 percent the month before the seasonal adjustment.

Over the past year, the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) rose by 8.0%. In addition, the index increased by 0.1% on a non-seasonally adjusted basis for the month. Please note that indexes for the previous ten to twelve months are subject to change.


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IndraStra Global: US Stock Markets Tumbles After the Release of August CPI Data
US Stock Markets Tumbles After the Release of August CPI Data
Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased by 8.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.
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