Q1 2021 Results Announced by Lockheed Martin
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Q1 2021 Results Announced by Lockheed Martin

Q1 2021 Results Announced by Lockheed Martin

On April 20, 2021, Lockheed Martin Corporation reported first-quarter 2021 net sales of $16.3 billion, compared to $15.7 billion in the first quarter of 2020. Net earnings in the first quarter of 2021 were $1.8 billion, or $6.56 per share, compared to $1.7 billion, or $6.08 per share, in the first quarter of 2020. Cash from operations in the first quarter of 2021 was $1.7 billion, compared to $2.3 billion in the first quarter of 2020.

"Lockheed Martin continues to deliver vital next-generation technologies that will help keep our nation and its allies safe, and advance space exploration, while providing long-term value for the U.S. taxpayers and our shareholders," said Lockheed Martin Chairman, President, and CEO James Taiclet. "Our strong financial results position us to continue advancing 21st Century innovations that will deter the threats of the future while remaining a trusted partner for customers who depend on our existing platforms and services today. The men and women of Lockheed Martin have managed the challenges of COVID-19 to maintain operations safely. As we look ahead to a new and better normal, our workforce is focused on growth, ready to strengthen our foundation well into the future."

First-quarter 2021 net earnings included unrealized gains from investments held in the Lockheed Martin Ventures Fund of $68 million ($51 million, or $0.18 per share, after-tax) and severance and restructuring charges of $36 million ($28 million, or $0.10 per share, after-tax). As previously announced, the severance and restructuring charges are to close and consolidate certain facilities and reduce the total workforce within the Rotary and Mission Systems (RMS) business segment. The actions are being taken to better align RMS' organization and cost structure to improve the efficiency of its operations and affordability of its products and services.

Quarters Ended1





March 28,

2021


March 29,

2020



Net sales


$

16,258



$

15,651











Business segment operating profit2


$

1,749



$

1,725




Unallocated items







 FAS/CAS operating adjustment


489



469




 Severance and restructuring charges3


(36)






 Other, net4


(20)



(72)




Total unallocated items


433



397




Consolidated operating profit


$

2,182



$

2,122











Net earnings5


$

1,837



$

1,717











Diluted earnings per share


$

6.56



$

6.08











Cash from operations6


$

1,748



$

2,314



Segment results


The corporation operates in four business segments organized based on the nature of products and services offered: Aeronautics, Missiles and Fire Control (MFC), Rotary and Mission Systems (RMS), and Space. The following table presents summary operating results of the corporation's business segments and reconciles these amounts to the corporation's consolidated financial results.

(in millions)


Quarters Ended





March 28,
2021


March 29,
2020



Net sales







Aeronautics


$

6,387



$

6,369




Missiles and Fire Control


2,749



2,619




Rotary and Mission Systems


4,107



3,746




Space


3,015



2,917




Total net sales


$

16,258



$

15,651











Operating profit







Aeronautics


$

693



$

672




Missiles and Fire Control


396



396




Rotary and Mission Systems


433



376




Space


227



281




Total business segment operating profit


1,749



1,725




Unallocated items







FAS/CAS operating adjustment


489



469




Severance and restructuring charges


(36)






Other, net


(20)



(72)




Total unallocated items


433



397




Total consolidated operating profit


$

2,182



$

2,122


NOTE:

1. Net sales and operating profit of the corporation's business segments exclude intersegment sales, cost of sales, and profit as these activities are eliminated in consolidation. Operating profit of the corporation's business segments includes the corporation's share of earnings or losses from equity method investees as the operating activities of the investees are closely aligned with the operations of its business segments.

2. Operating profit of the corporation's business segments also excludes the FAS/CAS pension operating adjustment described below, a portion of corporate costs not considered allowable or allocable to contracts with the U.S. Government under the applicable U.S. Government cost accounting standards (CAS) or federal acquisition regulations (FAR), and other items not considered part of management's evaluation of segment operating performance such as a portion of management and administration costs, legal fees and settlements, environmental costs, stock-based compensation expense, retiree benefits, significant severance actions, significant asset impairments, gains or losses from divestitures, and other miscellaneous corporate activities.

3. The corporation recovers CAS pension cost through the pricing of its products and services on U.S. Government contracts and, therefore, recognizes CAS pension cost in each of its business segments' net sales and cost of sales. The corporation's consolidated financial statements must present pension and other postretirement benefit plan expenses calculated in accordance with the U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (referred to as FAS expense). The operating portion of the net FAS/CAS pension adjustment represents the difference between the service cost component of FAS pension income and total CAS pension cost. The non-service FAS pension income component is included in other non-operating expenses. The net FAS/CAS pension adjustment increases or decreases CAS pension cost to equal total FAS pension income (both service and non-service).

4. Changes in net sales and operating profit generally are expressed in terms of volume. Changes in volume refer to increases or decreases in sales or operating profit resulting from varying production activity levels, deliveries, or service levels on individual contracts. Volume changes in segment operating profit are typically based on the current profit booking rate for a particular contract. In addition, comparability of the corporation's segment sales, operating profit, and operating margin may be impacted favorably or unfavorably by changes in profit booking rates on the corporation's contracts for which it recognizes revenue over time using the percentage-of-completion cost-to-cost method to measure progress towards completion. Increases in profit booking rates typically referred to as risk retirements, usually relate to revisions in the estimated total costs to fulfill the performance obligations that reflect improved conditions on a particular contract. Conversely, conditions on a particular contract may deteriorate, resulting in an increase in the estimated total costs to fulfill the performance obligations and a reduction in the profit booking rate. Increases or decreases in profit booking rates are recognized in the current period and reflect the inception-to-date effect of such changes.

5. Segment operating profit and margin may also be impacted favorably or unfavorably by other items, which may or may not impact sales. Favorable items may include the positive resolution of contractual matters, insurance recoveries, and gains on sales of assets. Unfavorable items may include the adverse resolution of contractual matters; restructuring charges, except for significant severance actions which are excluded from segment operating results; reserves for disputes; certain asset impairments; and losses on sales of certain assets.

6. The corporation's consolidated net adjustments not related to volume, including net profit booking rate adjustments, represented approximately 28% of total segment operating profit in the first quarter of 2021, as compared to 27% in the first quarter of 2020.

Aeronautics


Aeronautics' net sales in the first quarter of 2021 were comparable with the same period in 2020. Net sales increased by approximately $135 million on classified contracts due to higher volume and about $20 million for the F-16 program due to increased volume on production contracts that was partially offset by decreased volume on sustainment contracts. These increases were offset by lower net sales of approximately $65 million for the F-35 program primarily due to the inception-to-date effect of reducing the profit booking rate on a development contract and to a lesser extent lower volume on development and production contracts; and about $65 million for the F-22 program due to decreased volume on sustainment contracts.

Aeronautics' operating profit in the first quarter of 2021 increased $21 million, or 3%, compared to the same period in 2020. Operating profit increased approximately $15 million for the F-16 program due to higher risk retirements on sustainment contracts and increased volume on production contracts; and about $10 million for the F-35 program due to higher risk retirements on production contracts that were mostly offset by the inception-to-date effect of reducing the profit booking rate to eliminate fees on a development contract and to a lesser extent lower volume on development and production contracts. Adjustments not related to volume, including net profit booking rate adjustments, were $25 million higher in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020.

Missiles and Fire Control


MFC's net sales in the first quarter of 2021 increased $130 million, or 5%, compared to the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to higher net sales of approximately $120 million for integrated air and missile defense programs due to increased volume (primarily Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3)) and about $50 million for tactical and strike missile programs due to higher volume (Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS), Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM), and Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM)). These increases were partially offset by a decrease of approximately $40 million for sensors and global sustainment programs due to decreased volume (primarily Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night (LANTIRN®) and Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod (SNIPER®)).

MFC's operating profit in the first quarter of 2021 was comparable to the same period in 2020. Operating profit increased approximately $30 million for integrated air and missile defense programs due to higher risk retirements and increased volume (primarily PAC-3) and about $10 million for tactical and strike missile programs due to higher volume (primarily JASSM and LRASM). These increases were offset by a decrease of approximately $40 million for sensors and global sustainment programs due to lower risk retirements and decreased volume (primarily LANTIRN and SNIPER). Adjustments not related to volume, including net profit booking rate adjustments, were $15 million lower in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020.

Rotary and Mission Systems


RMS' net sales in the first quarter of 2021 increased $361 million, or 10%, compared to the same period in 2020. The increase was attributable to higher net sales of $290 million for training and logistics solutions programs primarily due to the delivery of an international pilot training system and about $170 million for Sikorsky helicopter programs due to higher volume on production contracts (primarily VH-92A, CH-53K, and Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH)). These increases were partially offset by decreases of about $80 million for various C6ISR (command, control, communications, computers, cyber, combat systems, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance) programs due to lower volume; and about $25 million for integrated warfare systems and sensors programs due to lower volume on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program and the TPQ-53 program that was partially offset by higher volume on the Canadian Surface Combatant program and the Aegis Combat System (Aegis) program.

RMS' operating profit in the first quarter of 2021 increased $57 million, or 15%, compared to the same period in 2020. Operating profit increased approximately $25 million for integrated warfare systems and sensors programs due to higher risk retirements (primarily Aegis) and charges on a ground-based radar program in the first quarter of 2020 that did not recur in the first quarter of 2021 that were partially offset by lower risk retirements on LCS, about $20 million for training and logistics solutions programs due to the delivery of an international pilot training system and higher risk retirements, and about $15 million for Sikorsky helicopter programs due to increased volume (primarily VH-92A, CH-53K, and CRH). Adjustments not related to volume, including net profit booking rate adjustments, were $25 million higher in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020.

Space


Space's net sales in the first quarter of 2021 increased $98 million, or 3%, compared to the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to higher net sales of approximately $60 million for the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) program due to higher volume; and about $20 million for Commercial Civil Space programs due to higher volume (primarily Space Transportation programs).

Space's operating profit in the first quarter of 2021 decreased $54 million, or 19%, compared to the same period in 2020. Operating profit decreased approximately $35 million for National Security Space programs primarily due to lower risk retirements (primarily Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF)); about $35 million due to lower equity earnings from the corporation's investment in United Launch Alliance (ULA); and approximately $10 million for the AWE program as higher sales volume was more than offset by accelerated and incremental amortization expense for intangible assets due to the U.K. Ministry of Defense's plan to renationalize the program on June 30, 2021. These decreases were partially offset by an increase of approximately $30 million for Commercial Civil Space programs due to higher risk retirements and higher volume (primarily Space Transportation programs). Adjustments not related to volume, including net profit booking rate adjustments, were comparable in the first quarter of 2021 to the same period in 2020.

Total equity (losses)/earnings (primarily ULA) recognized in Space's operating profit were approximately $(5) million, or (2)%, of Space's operating profit in the first quarter of 2021, compared to approximately $30 million, or 11%, in the first quarter of 2020.

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