Nord Stream 2 — A New Chapter in Energy Geopolitics

By IndraStra Global News Team

By IndraStra Global News Team

Nord Stream 2 — A New Chapter in Energy Geopolitics

Image Attribute: A section of Nord Stream 2 pipeline in a fabrication yard  / Source: Sputnik International

Recently U.S. President Donald Trump has expressed his opposing views on upcoming Russian-German natural gas twin-pipeline project — Nord Stream 2 project (On May 19). In response to his views, the Russian President Vladimir Putin has taken a stand to provide necessary defense against any attempts by the United States to block the project which intend to supply extra natural gas to energy-starved Europe. The twin-pipeline will run in parallel to current Nord Stream pipeline.

The Americans are constantly opposing this project as it will increase Europe's dependency on Russia for gas supplies. It’s also worried the pipeline could open ways for Russia to install undersea surveillance equipment in the Baltic Sea, said Sandra Oudkirk, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Energy diplomacy while speaking to reporters in Berlin. Also, Oudkirk wanted to pass on the message to German officials that if the project goes ahead, European companies will be open to U.S. sanctions under a bill passed in August 2017. The move could affect Gazprom’s financial partners in the project who are mainly based out of Europe. The Polish official said Poland and the U.S. hold similar views on the project and have criticized it.

In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel is scrapping coal and nuclear power, making gas increasingly the most important energy source which can help Germany along with the participating partner countries in achieving climate goals, as gas-fired power generation only emits half as much CO2 as coal-fired power generation. Approximately half of EU gas imports from Russia flow through Ukrainian territory and in talks with Putin, she made clear that Ukraine must be able to continue to earn revenue from gas transit. In recent years, Russia has reduced the volume there in favor of the Nord Stream 1 or the Opal pipeline in Central Europe. This change has hit Ukraine’s finances, with estimates suggesting that Ukraine will lose $2bn in transit fees each year. Despite Berlin and Moscow have been at loggerheads since Russia's annexation of Crimea four years ago, Berlin views the Nord Stream 2 twin-pipeline as well as a landmark 2015 nuclear deal with Iran as "islands of cooperation" with Moscow.

Deutsche Welle, however, pointed out that the United States has self-interest due to underlying reason — "Washington would like to export to Europe the natural gas it extracts through hydraulic fracking, pushing Gazprom out of the market."

THE TWIN-PIPELINE

Gazprom's Nord Stream Pipelines - GISreportsonline.com

Map Attribute: Nord Stream 2 will travel from the coast of Russia, through the Baltic Sea, reaching landfall near Greifswald in Germany / Source: GISreportsonline.com

The new natural gas twin-pipeline is an initiative of Russia’s Gazprom PJSC (which has a legal monopoly over Russia’s pipeline gas exports) and five European companies established in the form of a consortium company (Nord Stream AG) in Switzerland in 2015. Gazprom itself is taking on half the planned costs of some 9.5 billion euros ($11 billion). The rest is divided among five European energy companies: BASF’s Wintershall and E.ON spinoff Uniper, Anglo-Dutch group Shell, Austria’s OMV, and Engie. The twin-pipeline will comprise about 200,000 individual pipe sections, each 12 meters long. If built, the 1,230-kilometre Nord Stream 2 pipeline, which is scheduled for completion in 2019, will supply around 55 billion cubic meters of natural gas a year from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea, circumventing Poland, the Baltic states, and Ukraine.

HISTORICAL DEPENDENCY


Chart Attribute: Statista

Chart Attribute: Europe is Highly Dependent on Russian Gas by  Niall McCarthy,  Jul 23, 2014,/ Source: Statista

Historically, Europe has always been dependent on Russia for its requirement for natural gas, much of it shipped via the Black Sea region. There are three main routes: the Ukrainian pipeline network (built during the Cold War), the Yamal-Europe pipeline (via Belarus and Poland, built in the 1990s) and the Nord Stream pipeline (inaugurated in 2011 and providing a direct link between Russia and Germany via the Baltic Sea). In addition, Finland and the Baltic countries have their own direct pipeline connections to Russia. And until the last decade, these deliveries were relatively stable and uneventful. Even during the Cold War, the Soviet Union refrained from deriving any sort of political benefits from Western Europe’s dependence on its natural gas.

Do note, European domestic gas production is declining. Capacity from other importers, namely Norway, is approaching its limits. And, at the same time,  despite exploring the alternatives, Russian natural gas exports to the European Union hit a record 155 bcm in 2017.

Nord Stream 2 is expected to be completed in the third-quarter (Q3) 2019.

 ($1 = 0.8553 euros)

With reporting by BBC, Bloomberg, Deutsche Welle, Reuters, Statista, and World Oil.
Name

-51,1,3D Technology,2,5G,6,Abkhazia,2,Academics,9,Accidents,18,Activism,1,ADB,10,ADIZ,1,Adults,1,Advertising,30,Advisory,1,Aerial Reconnaissance,11,Aerial Warfare,34,Aerospace,4,Afghanistan,79,Africa,106,Agile Methodology,2,Agriculture,13,Air Crash,9,Air Defence Identification Zone,1,Air Defense,5,Air Force,26,Air Pollution,1,Airbus,4,Aircraft Carriers,3,Aircraft Systems,1,Al Nusra,1,Al Qaida,3,Al Shabab,1,ALBA,1,Albania,2,Algeria,3,American History,4,AmritaJash,10,Antarctic,1,Anthropology,7,Anti Narcotics,10,Anti Tank,1,Anti-Corruption,3,Anti-dumping,1,Anti-Piracy,2,Anti-Submarine,1,Anti-Terrorism Legislation,1,Antitrust,1,APEC,1,Apple,2,Applied Sciences,2,AQAP,2,Arab League,3,Architecture,1,Arctic,6,Argentina,7,Armenia,26,Army,3,Art,1,Artificial Intelligence,62,Arunachal Pradesh,1,ASEAN,10,Asia,63,Asia Pacific,21,Assassination,2,Asset Management,1,Astrophysics,2,ATGM,1,Atmospheric Science,1,Atomic.Atom,1,Augmented Reality,7,Australia,42,Austria,1,Automation,13,Automotive,123,Autonomous Flight,2,Autonomous Vehicle,2,Aviation,56,AWACS,1,Awards,17,Azerbaijan,13,Azeri,1,B2B,1,Bahrain,9,Balance of Payments,1,Balance of Trade,3,Balkan,10,Baltic,3,Baluchistan,8,Bangladesh,27,Banking,47,Bankruptcy,1,Basel,1,Bashar Al Asad,1,Bay of Bengal,5,BBC,1,Beijing,1,Belarus,3,Belgium,1,Belt Road Initiative,3,Beto O'Rourke,1,BFSI,1,Bhutan,9,Big Data,29,Big Tech,1,Bilateral Cooperation,13,BIMSTEC,1,Biography,1,Biotechnology,2,BISA,1,Bitcoin,7,Black Lives Matter,1,Black Money,2,Black Sea,1,Blockchain,30,Blood Diamonds,1,Bloomberg,1,Boeing,18,Boko Haram,7,Bolivia,6,Bomb,2,Bond Market,1,Book,8,Book Review,16,Border Conflicts,4,Border Control and Surveillance,5,Bosnia,1,Brand Management,14,Brazil,99,Brexit,22,BRI,5,BRICS,16,British,3,Broadcasting,16,Brunei,2,Brussels,1,Buddhism,1,Budget,3,Build Back Better,1,Bulgaria,1,Burma,2,Business & Economy,927,C-UAS,1,California,3,Call for Proposals,1,Cambodia,5,Cameroon,1,Canada,44,Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS),1,Carbon Economy,7,CAREC,1,Caribbean,8,CARICOM,1,Caspian Sea,2,Catalan,3,Caucasus,9,CBRN,1,Central African Republic,1,Central Asia,71,Central Asian,3,Central Eastern Europe,44,Certification,1,Chad,2,Chanakya,1,Charity,2,Chatbots,1,Chemicals,7,Child Labor,1,Children,4,Chile,10,China,417,Christianity,1,CIA,1,CIS,5,Citizenship,2,Civil Engineering,1,Civil Liberties,4,Civil Rights,2,Civil Society,4,Civilization,1,Clean Energy,4,Climate,60,Climate Change,9,Clinical Research,3,Clinton,1,Cloud Computing,39,Coal,4,Coast Guard,3,Cognitive Computing,12,Cold War,4,Colombia,15,Commodities,3,Communication,8,Communism,3,Compliance,1,Computers,40,Conferences,1,Conflict,72,Conflict Diamonds,1,Conflict Resolution,48,Conflict Resources,1,Congo,1,Construction,4,Consumer Behavior,4,Consumer Price Index,1,COP26,3,Coronavirus,102,Corporate Communication,1,Corporate Governance,4,Corporate Social Responsibility,4,Corruption,4,Costa Rica,2,Counter Intelligence,13,Counter Terrorism,77,COVID Vaccine,5,CPEC,7,CPG,3,Credit,1,Credit Score,1,Crimea,4,CRM,1,Croatia,2,Crypto Currency,11,CSTO,1,Cuba,5,Culture,4,Currency,6,Customer Relationship Management,1,Cyber Attack,6,Cyber Crime,2,Cyber Security & Warfare,103,Cybernetics,5,Cyberwarfare,16,Cyprus,5,Czech Republic,3,DACA,1,DARPA,3,Data,7,Data Analytics,35,Data Science,1,Database,1,Daughter.Leslee,1,Davos,1,DeBeers,1,Debt,8,Decision Support System,5,Defense,9,Defense Deals,5,Deforestation,2,Democracy,20,Democrats,2,Demonetization,6,Denmark. F-35,1,Denuclearization,1,Diamonds,1,Digital,38,Digital Economy,3,Digital Marketing,2,Digital Transformation,10,Diplomacy,10,Disaster Management,4,Disinformation,1,Djibouti,2,Documentary,2,Doklam,1,Dokolam,1,Dominica,2,Donald Trump,42,Donetsk,1,Dossier,2,Drones,10,E-Government,2,E-International Relations,1,Earning Reports,1,Earth Science,1,Earthquake,4,East Africa,1,East China Sea,9,eBook,1,ECB,1,eCommerce,11,Econometrics,1,Economic Justice,1,Economics,38,Economy,61,ECOWAS,2,Ecuador,3,Edge Computing,2,Education,59,Egypt,23,Elections,27,Electric Vehicle,10,Electricity,5,Electronics,7,Emerging Markets,1,Employment,11,Energy,304,Energy Policy,27,Energy Politics,23,Engineering,23,England,2,Enterprise Software Solutions,8,Entrepreneurship,15,Environment,44,ePayments,7,Epidemic,5,ESA,1,Ethiopia,3,Eulogy,2,Eurasia,3,Euro,5,Europe,4,European Union,210,EuroZone,5,Exclusive,2,Exhibitions,2,Explosives,1,Export Import,2,F-35,5,Facebook,7,Fake News,3,Fallen,1,FARC,2,Farnborough. United Kingdom,2,FATF,1,FDI,5,Featured,1048,Fidel Castro,1,Fiji,1,Finance,16,Financial Markets,47,Financial Statement,2,Finland,5,Fintech,13,Fiscal Policy,10,Fishery,3,Food Security,18,Forces,1,Forecasting,1,Foreign Policy,11,Forex,1,France,25,Free Market,1,Free Syrian Army,4,Freedom,3,Freedom of Speech,1,FTC,1,Fujairah,97,Fund Management,1,Funding,22,Future,1,G20,5,G24,1,G7,3,Gaddafi,1,Gambia,2,Gaming,1,Garissa Attack,1,Gas Price,2,GATT,1,Gaza,2,GCC,11,GDP,7,GDPR,1,Geneal Management,1,General Management,1,Geo Politics,102,Geography,1,Geoint,14,Geopolitics,5,Georgia,11,Georgian,1,geospatial,8,Geothermal,2,Germany,55,Ghana,3,Gibratar,1,Global Trade,87,Global Warming,1,Global Water Crisis,10,Globalization,2,Gold,1,Google,13,Gorkhaland,1,Government,125,GPS,1,Greater Asia,123,Greece,12,Green Bonds,1,Greenland,1,Gross Domestic Product,1,GST,1,Gujarat,5,Gun Control,4,Hacking,4,Haiti,2,Hasan,1,Health,6,Healthcare,70,Helicopter,9,Heliport,1,Hezbollah,3,High Altitude Warfare,1,Hillary 2016,1,Hillary Clinton,1,Hinduism,2,Hindutva,4,History,10,Home Security,1,Honduras,1,Hong Kong,6,Horn of Africa,5,Housing,10,Houthi,11,Howitzer,1,Human Development,28,Human Resource Management,5,Human Rights,3,Humanitarian,3,Hungary,3,Hunger,3,Hydrocarbon,3,Hydrogen,2,IAEA,2,ICBM,1,ICO,1,Identification,2,IDF,1,Imaging,2,IMF,65,Immigration,15,Impeachment,1,Imran Khan,1,Independent Media,72,India,513,India's,1,Indian Air Force,17,Indian Army,4,Indian Nationalism,1,Indian Navy,22,Indian Ocean,16,Indices,1,Indo-Pacific,2,Indonesia,15,IndraStra,1,Industrial Accidents,3,Industrial Automation,2,Industrial Safety,4,Inflation,3,Infographic,1,Information Leaks,1,Infrastructure,3,Innovations,22,Insurance,3,Intellectual Property,3,Intelligence,5,Intelligence Analysis,8,Interest Rate,3,International Business,13,International Law,11,International Relations,7,Internet,52,Internet of Things,34,Interview,7,Intra-Government,5,Investigative Journalism,3,Investment,30,Investor Relations,1,IPO,4,Iran,183,Iraq,52,IRGC,1,Iron & Steel,1,ISAF,1,ISIL,9,ISIS,33,Islam,12,Islamic Banking,1,Islamic State,86,Israel,116,IT ITeS,128,Italy,10,Jabhat al-Nusra,1,Jamaica,3,Japan,55,JASDF,1,Jihad,1,Joe Biden,3,Joint Strike Fighter,4,Jordan,7,Journalism,6,Judicial,4,Justice System,3,Kanchin,1,Kashmir,7,Kazakhstan,22,Kenya,5,Kiev,1,Kindle,700,Knowledge Management,3,Kosovo,2,Kurdistan,8,Kurds,10,Kuwait,6,Kyrgyzstan,9,Labor Laws,10,Labor Market,2,Land Reforms,2,Land Warfare,20,Languages,1,Laos,1,Latin America,76,Law,4,Leadership,3,Lebanon,9,Legal,9,Liberalism,1,Library Science,1,Libya,12,Littoral Warfare,2,Livelihood,3,Loans,8,Lockdown,1,Lone Wolf Attacks,1,Lugansk,1,Macedonia,1,Machine Learning,7,Mahmoud,1,Main Battle Tank,3,Malaysia,10,Maldives,6,Mali,4,Malware,2,Management Consulting,6,Manpower,1,Manto,1,Manufacturing,14,Marijuana,1,Marine Engineering,3,Maritime,37,Market Research,2,Marketing,38,Mars,2,Martech,9,Mass Media,29,Mass Shooting,1,Material Science,2,Mauritania,1,MDGs,1,Mechatronics,2,Media War,1,Mediterranean,12,MENA,6,Mental Health,4,Mercosur,2,Mergers and Acquisitions,15,Meta,1,Metals,1,Mexico,8,Micro-finance,4,Microsoft,11,Migration,19,Mike Pence,1,Military,98,Military Exercise,8,Military-Industrial Complex,1,Mining,15,Missile Launching Facilities,5,Missile Systems,47,Mobile Apps,3,Mobile Communications,10,Mobility,4,Modi,7,Moldova,1,Monaco,1,Monetary Policy,4,Money Market,2,Mongolia,8,Monsoon,1,Montreux Convention,1,Moon,4,Morocco,1,Morsi,1,Mortgage,3,Moscow,2,Motivation,1,Mozambique,1,Mubarak,1,Multilateralism,2,Mumbai,1,Muslim Brotherhood,2,Myanmar,23,NAFTA,3,NAM,2,Nanotechnology,4,NASA,12,National Security,5,Nationalism,2,NATO,26,Natural Disasters,9,Natural Gas,26,Naval Base,5,Naval Engineering,17,Naval Intelligence,2,Naval Postgraduate School,2,Naval Warfare,42,Navigation,2,Navy,21,NBC Warfare,2,Negotiations,1,Nepal,12,Neurosciences,6,New Delhi,4,New Normal,1,New York,4,New Zealand,5,News,951,Newspaper,1,NGO,1,Nicaragua,1,Niger,3,Nigeria,10,Nirbhaya,1,Non Aligned Movement,1,Non Government Organization,4,Nonproliferation,2,North Africa,21,North America,37,North Korea,47,Norway,2,NSA,1,NSG,2,Nuclear,35,Nuclear Agreement,29,Nuclear Doctrine,1,Nuclear Security,43,Obama,3,ObamaCare,2,OBOR,15,Ocean Engineering,1,Oceania,2,OECD,4,OFID,5,Oil & Gas,310,Oil Gas,4,Oil Price,38,Olympics,2,Oman,25,Omicron,1,Oncology,1,Online Education,5,Online Reputation Management,1,OPEC,101,Open Access,1,Open Letter,1,Open Source,4,Operation Unified Protector,1,Operational Research,4,Opinion,604,Pacific,5,Pakistan,150,Pakistan Air Force,2,Pakistan Army,1,Pakistan Navy,3,Palestine,21,Pandemic,82,Papal,1,Paper,3,Papers,110,Papua New Guinea,1,Paracels,1,Partition,1,Partnership,1,Passport,1,Patents,2,PATRIOT Act,1,Peace Deal,4,Peacekeeping Mission,1,People Management,1,Persian Gulf,19,Peru,5,Petrochemicals,1,Petroleum,19,Pharmaceuticals,13,Philippines,10,Philosophy,2,Photos,3,Physics,1,Pipelines,5,PLAN,3,Plastic Industry,2,Poland,6,Polar,1,Policing,1,Policy,7,Policy Brief,6,Political Studies,1,Politics,36,Polynesia,3,Population,3,Portugal,1,Poverty,5,Power Transmission,6,President APJ Abdul Kalam,2,Presidential Election,30,Press Release,157,Prison System,1,Privacy,15,Private Equity,1,Private Military Contractors,1,Programming,1,Project Management,4,Propaganda,4,Protests,7,Psychology,3,Public Policy,55,Public Relations,1,Public Safety,7,Publishing,5,Putin,3,Q&A,1,Qatar,86,QC/QA,1,Qods Force,1,Quantum Computing,2,Quantum Physics,4,Quarter Results,2,Racial Justice,2,RADAR,1,Rahul Guhathakurta,4,Railway,7,Raj,1,Ranking,4,Rape,1,RCEP,1,Real Estate,1,Recall,4,Recession,1,Red Sea,2,Referendum,5,Reforms,17,Refugee,23,Regional,4,Regulations,1,Rehabilitation,1,Religion & Spirituality,9,Renewable,12,Reports,34,Repository,1,Republicans,2,Rescue Operation,1,Research,3,Research and Development,19,Retail,36,Revenue Management,1,Risk Management,3,Robotics,8,Rohingya,4,Romania,2,Royal Canadian Air Force,1,Rupee,1,Russia,225,Russian Navy,4,Saab,1,Saadat,1,SAARC,6,Safety,1,SAFTA,1,SAM,2,Samoa,1,Sanctions,3,SAR,1,SAT,1,Satellite,12,Saudi Arabia,120,Science & Technology,323,SCO,5,Scotland,6,Scud Missile,1,Sea Lanes of Communications,4,SEBI,1,Securities,1,Security,6,Semiconductor,1,Senate,4,Senegal,1,SEO,3,Serbia,4,Seychelles,1,SEZ,1,Shale Gas,4,Shanghai,1,Sharjah,12,Shia,6,Shipping,5,Shutdown,1,Siachen,1,Sierra Leone,1,Signal Intelligence,1,Sikkim,4,Silicon Valley,1,Silk Route,6,Simulations,2,Sinai,1,Singapore,11,Situational Awareness,16,Smart Cities,7,Social Media Intelligence,40,Social Policy,39,Socialism,1,Soft Power,1,Software,7,Solar Energy,11,Somalia,5,South Africa,18,South America,45,South Asia,388,South China Sea,30,South East Asia,57,South Korea,40,South Sudan,3,Soviet,2,Soviet Union,7,Space,37,Space Station,2,Spain,8,Special Forces,1,Sports,2,Sports Diplomacy,1,Spratlys,1,Sri Lanka,18,Stamps,1,Startups,43,STEM,1,Stephen Harper,1,Stock Markets,14,Storm,2,Strategy Games,5,Sub-Sahara,2,Submarine,13,Sudan,5,Sunni,6,Super computing,1,Supply Chain Management,35,Surveillance,8,Survey,5,Sustainable Development,14,Swami Vivekananda,1,Sweden,3,Switzerland,3,Syria,111,Taiwan,14,Tajikistan,11,Taliban,15,Tamar Gas Fields,1,Tanzania,4,Tariff,4,Taxation,22,Tech Fest,1,Technology,13,Tel-Aviv,1,Telecom,21,Telematics,1,Territorial Disputes,1,Terrorism,72,Testing,2,Texas,3,Thailand,6,The Middle East,595,Think Tank,274,Tibet,2,TikTok,1,Tobacco,1,Tonga,1,Total Quality Management,2,Town Planning,2,TPP,2,Trade Agreements,13,Trade War,9,Trademarks,1,Trainging and Development,1,Transcaucasus,16,Transcript,4,Transpacific,2,Transportation,38,Travel and Tourism,4,Tsar,1,Tunisia,7,Turkey,73,Turkmenistan,9,U.S. Air Force,3,U.S. Dollar,1,UAE,129,UAV,19,UCAV,1,Udwains,1,Uganda,1,Ukraine,67,Ummah,1,UNCLOS,6,Unemployment,1,UNESCO,1,UNHCR,1,UNIDO,2,United Kingdom,65,United Nations,26,United States,599,University and Colleges,4,Uranium,2,Urban Planning,10,US Army,4,US Army Aviation,1,US Congress,1,US Navy,15,US Postal Service,1,US Space Force,1,USA,16,USAF,18,UUV,1,Uyghur,3,Uzbekistan,11,Valuation,1,Vatican,1,Vedant,1,Venezuela,18,Venture Capital,3,Victim,1,Videogames,1,Vietnam,17,Virtual Reality,7,Vision 2030,1,VPN,1,Wahhabism,3,War,1,War Games,1,Warfare,1,Water,16,Water Politics,6,Weapons,9,Wearable,2,Weather,1,Webinar,1,WEF,2,Welfare,1,West,2,West Africa,16,West Bengal,2,Western Sahara,2,Whitepaper,1,WHO,3,Wikileaks,1,Wikipedia,1,Wildfire,1,Wildlife,2,Wind Energy,1,Windows,1,Wireless Security,1,Wisconsin,1,Women,10,Women's Right,10,Workshop,1,World Bank,23,World Economy,21,World Peace,10,World War I,1,World War II,3,WTO,6,Xi Jinping,7,Xinjiang,1,Yemen,26,Zbigniew Brzezinski,1,Zimbabwe,2,
ltr
item
IndraStra Global: Nord Stream 2 — A New Chapter in Energy Geopolitics
Nord Stream 2 — A New Chapter in Energy Geopolitics
By IndraStra Global News Team
https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-USpzcYjwX9I/Wwju3HtS7DI/AAAAAAAATc8/vjmIWoNbsqUnyjiYEKf13y91kJh1upEbwCLcBGAs/s640/1055355742.jpg
https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-USpzcYjwX9I/Wwju3HtS7DI/AAAAAAAATc8/vjmIWoNbsqUnyjiYEKf13y91kJh1upEbwCLcBGAs/s72-c/1055355742.jpg
IndraStra Global
https://www.indrastra.com/2018/05/Russia-Germany-Gas-Pipeline-New-Chapter-Energy-Geopolitics-004-05-2018-0032.html
https://www.indrastra.com/
https://www.indrastra.com/
https://www.indrastra.com/2018/05/Russia-Germany-Gas-Pipeline-New-Chapter-Energy-Geopolitics-004-05-2018-0032.html
true
1461303524738926686
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content